Monday, March 30, 2015
The situation is complex (of the proxy war in Yemen). There is the Bab el-Mandeb strait, which is a key area where oil is exported from the Persian Gulf to the rest of the world. Since Saudi Arabia is a strong American ally, the USA is siding with the Saudis in their fight against the Houthis. The Houthis are a group of people who existed during the era of the dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh. Also, it is important to note that the West wants geopolitical interests and that is why they (including Saudi Arabia and Egypt) want the puppet leader Hadi to return into Yemen. This military intervention in Yemen by the Gulf States and Egypt against Yemen has nothing to do with promoting "democracy." According to Simon Tisdall of the Guardian, the Houthis evolved from a peaceful organization to a more reactionary, militant one after the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq by the West. They were once suppressed by the Washington-backed Saleh dictatorship. U.S. drones and U.S. Special Forces attacks occurred regularly in Yemen to root out the rebels until these rebels grew their power. Now, U.S. forces have evacuated Yemen. Many Arabic nations have agreed (in late March 2015) to establish an unified military force as a way to battle the Shia Houthi forces in Yemen. The Western imperialists want Yemen to be a puppet state not because of advancing "democracy" (because the West supports authoritarian, anti-civil liberty nations like Saudi Arabia and Egypt). The West wants specific geopolitical interests (of oil, political policies, etc.). The problems in Yemen do deal with poverty, unemployment, etc. It is interesting to note that Ghani of Afghanistan spent a long time out of Afghanistan prior to being the political leader of the country. He also was an official at the World Bank, so we know where his allegiances lay at. There is not only the actions of the Taliban that people have a right to discuss about, but there are rival warlords in the country too. Many neoconservative extremists want troops to permanently stay in Afghanistan. Long term, there can only be a political solution to the crisis or Afghanistan could very well be partitioned based on religious/ethnic lines.
The Civil War is part of American history. We can’t know about American history in a full fashion without understanding what the Civil War was all about. It was the bloodiest war in American soil and its ended overt slavery. The Union and the Confederate forces fought each other across states and it pit even relatives against each other. I am from Virginia, so I am reminded of the Civil War all of the time. Many Virginians and people globally know about the Civil War greatly. Museums, statues, etc. remind us about the Civil War all of the time. There were numerous factors that led into the Civil War like trade issues, political issues (like many Republicans seeking to expand free soil states while many Democrats wanting new states to embrace slavery), economic issues, sectarian disputes, and other factors. Yet, one primary factor on why the Civil War existed was the North and the South’s discussions on slavery. The Northern bankers wanted free labor while the Southern aristocracy wanted slavery to exist and their cotton crops to continue to grow. Black slaves were forced to grow cotton, while cotton resources exported into the North, Britain, etc. Since 1776, America was developed via numerous controversies. The First Amendment Revolution was not completed fully, because black people, women, the poor, and other minorities were readily deprived of their human rights (by an oppressive, capitalist oligarchy). Many Founders feared that he Southerners would not approve of the Constitution, so they compromised to the evil Southern aristocracy as a way for them to allow the Constitution to count slaves as three-fifths of person and to allow slaves to have no citizenship rights. The Bill of Rights was also established as a way for extend human rights. This injustice (of continuing legalized slavery and oppression) among others plagued America for decades. The invention of the cotton gin, the growth of American imperialism in North America (i.e. the Louisiana Purchase and the broken treaties with Native Americans were injustices), and the growth of the abolitionist movement (which made up of blacks and whites) caused the tensions in America to grow. Even Thomas Jefferson before he died knew that the nation was headed for a Civil War indirectly. Some of the Southerners wanted to expand territories into more areas beyond the Old South, but the Northerners rejected this action (since they viewed it as a way for the South to gain more political power in Congress). The newly formed Republican Party had members who didn’t oppose slavery per se, but they didn’t want new territories in the Union to adopt slavery (they wanted new territories to be made up of free labor). Many Republicans back then did oppose slavery though. The Missouri Compromise of 1850 didn't work to end tensions in America. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 allowed incoming settlers to decide for themselves on whether to permit slavery. This caused white racist terrorists to attack abolitionists, black people, etc. in Kansas. The evil Supreme Court decision from 1857 prevented Dred Scott (who was a slave) to have full human rights. In 1859, John Brown led an unsuccessful attempt to incite a slave uprising at Harpers Ferry. He was courageous and he worked with many black people. He died and he was a hero just like other heroes who include Nat Turner, Denmark Vesey, etc. President Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860. His original concern was maintaining the Union at all costs. Ideologically, Abraham Lincoln abhorred and hated slavery, but he didn't want the South to end slavery immediately. As time went on, Lincoln moved into the left and became more progressive on issues of slavery, race, and the Union. Therefore, the Abraham Lincoln of 1865 is a whole lot different from the Abraham Lincoln of 1860.
To know biology, we all must know about DNA. DNA is short for Deoxyribonucleic acid. In essence, DNA is a molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and many viruses. For decades, scientists and researchers have researched DNA and find its unique qualities. DNA is like a code that determines the functions of living organisms, it can store genetic information, and it is very structured. So, DNA is a nucleic acid. It has proteins and carbohydrates. All nucleic acids compose the three macromolecules which are vital for all known forms of life. Most DNA molecules are made up of two biopolymer strands coiled around each other to form a double helix. The two DNA strands are called polynucleotides, because they are made up of simpler units called nucleotides. Each nucleotide is composed by a nitrogen-containing nucleobase (either guanine or G, adenine or A, thymine or T, and cytosine or C). There is also the monosaccharide sugar called deoxyribose and a phosphate group. The nucleotides are joined to one another in a chain by covalent bonds between the sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate of the next, which results in an alternating sugar-phosphate backbone. According to base pairing rules (A with T and C with G), hydrogen bonds bind the nitrogenous bases of the two separate polynucleotide strands to make double-stranded DNA. DNA is heavily used for biological information storage. Biological information is replicated as the two stands are separated. A significant portion of DNA (more than 98% for humans) is non-coding, meaning that these sections do not serve as patterns for protein sequences. The two strands of DNA run in opposite directions to each other and are therefore anti-parallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of nucleobases (informally, bases). It is the sequence of these four nucleobases along the backbone that encodes biological information. Under the genetic code, RNA strands are translated to specify the sequence of amino acids within proteins. These RNA strands are initially created using DNA strands as a template in a process called transcription.
Alexander the Great died in 331 B.C. So, his empire was split among his generals. General Seleucus I Nicator tried to take control of Persia and later Mesopotamia, Syria, and Asia Minor. The ruling family of Seleucus became the Seleucid Dynasty. Seleucus was killed in 281 B.C. by Ptolemy Keraunos. In Iran, Greek language, philosophy, and art came with the colonists. This period was the Hellenistic age. During the Seleucid Dynasty throughout Alexander's former empire, Greek became the common tongue of diplomacy and literature. Massive trade and cultural exchanges existed too. Buddhism came into Iran from India. Zoroastrianism from Iran came to influence Judaism. There have been statues of the Buddha in classical Greek styles in Persia and Afghanistan. Greco-Buddhism existed too. The Parthian Empire existed by 248 B.C. This existed during the Arsacid dynasty that reunited and governed the Iranian plateau after conquering Parthia (and defeating the Greek Seleucid Empire). The Parthian Empire expanded into Eastern Arabia and Mesopotamia later on. Parthia was the Eastern arch enemy of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire never reached into Iran, because of the Parthian Empire (who had a heavily armed and armored cataphracts and lightly armed but highly mobilized mounted archers). The Romans couldn’t conquer them and vice versa. The last Parthian King was defeated by the new Sasanian Empire. It existed in 224 A.D. and lasted until 651 A.D. The first shah of the empire was Ardashir I. He reformed the nation economically and militarily. It was a huge empire that ruled from Egypt to Central Asia in its peak. They defeated the Romans in the Battle of Edessa in 260 A.D. and took the Roman Empire Valerian prisoner for the rest of his life. The Sasanians fought the Romano-Byzantine armies in Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Levant. Justinian I (of the Byzantine Empire) made an uneasy peace with payment of tribute to the Sassanians. The Roman-Persian wars exhausted the Persians. Then, Islam came about in ca. 632 A.D. The Muslims grew their Empire rapidly. They defeated the Iranians at the Battle of al-Qâdisiyah (632) in Hilla, (present day Iraq) to the invading forces of Islam. The Sassanian civilization had a strong culture and influenced European and Asiatic medieval art. Even Muslims were influenced by the Sassanian Persians. Iranian King Yazdegerd III was defeated by Islamic forces. The Umayyad Caliphate dominated Iran and the Saffarid Dynasty existed. Several dynasties existed and then Iran was controlled by the Mongol Empire. The Safavid Empire set the stage for Iran to be mostly Shia Muslim. By the 20th century, the nation of Iran would be changed forever.
Patrice Lumumba was born on July 2, 1925. His father was named François Tolenga Otetshima. François was a farmer. His wife was Julienne Wamato Lomendja. Patrice was born in Onalua in the Congo. He was part of the Tetela ethnic group. His birth name was Élias Okit'Asombo. His original surname means "heir of the cursed" and is derived from the Tetela words okitá/okitɔ́ ('heir, successor') and asombó ('cursed or bewitched people who will die quickly'). He had three brothers (Charles Lokolonga, Émile Kalema, and Louis Onema Pene Lumumba) and one half-brother (Tolenga Jean). Lumumba was raised in a Catholic family. He was educated at a Protestant primary school, a Catholic missionary school, and finally the government post office training school. He passed the one year course with distinction. He could also speak Tetela, French, Lingala, Swahili, and Tshiluba. Lumumba worked in Kinshasa it was called Leopoldville back then) and Kisangani (which was called Stanleyville back then) as a postal clerk and as a traveling beer salesman. In 1951, he married Pauline Opangu. By 1955, Lumumba became the regional head of the Cercles of Stanleyville. He soon joined the Liberty Party of Belgium where he worked on editing and distributing party literature. He studied in Belgium, but he was arrested in 1955 on charges of embezzlement, but he returned the funds. He was released in July 1956 with the helped of the Belgian lawyer named Jules Chrome. Naturally, Patrice Lumumba was always a political person. He helped to found the MNC or the Mouvement national Conglais in 1958. Lumumba and his team represented the MNC at the All-African Peoples’ Conference in Accra, Ghana during December 1958. Lumumba wanted to advance Pan-Africanist beliefs. Pan Africanism is the view that all of Africa should be unified socially, economically, and politically as one. The conference was hosted by Pan-African President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana. Kwame Nkrumah influenced Lumumba, all Africans, black Americans, all members of the black African Diaspora, and all freedom loving peoples of the world. In late October 1959, Lumumba, as leader of the organization, was arrested for inciting an anti-colonial riot in Stanleyville where thirty people were killed; he was sentenced to 69 months in prison. The trial’s start date was on January 18, 1960. This was the first day of a round table conference in Brussels to finalize the future of the Congo. Lumumba was in prison at this time, but the MNC won a huge majority in the December local elections in the Congo. Lumumba was released from jail because of strong pressure from the delegates. He attended the Brussels conference. The conference culminated on January 27 with a declaration of Congolese independence, setting June 30, 1960, as the independence date with national elections from May 11-25, 1960. Lumumba and the MNC won this election and the right to form a government, with the announcement on June 23, 1960 of 34-year-old Lumumba as Congo's first prime minister and Joseph Kasa-Vubu as its president. In accordance with the constitution, on June 24 the new government passed a vote of confidence and was ratified by the Congolese Chamber and Senate.
Saturday, March 28, 2015
Friday, March 27, 2015
Regardless of how people feel about Empire, some white people, who are complaining about the diversity in the TV industry, truly are trying to disguise their own hypocrisy. For over one century, Hollywood and the television screen has not only restricted talented black actors and actresses from being in that world, but they have shown vicious, false stereotypes about black people. My view is that we need to encourage qualified, talented black actors and black actresses. This is a new generation and some reactionaries want to have some sense of nostalgia for a time where black people were even in fewer opportunities than today. For decades, white actors have portrayed even Native Americans and other ethnic groups in a racist fashion, yet Nellie never mentioned this fact of history. Today, black actresses, black actors, and others have told their stories about struggling to receive roles all of the time. This is why it is even more necessary for us as a community to promote progressive, fair, and strong shows that describe our experiences accurately. Nellie Andreeva’s article (which I profoundly disagree) outlines her subconscious white guilt (we don't live in a colorblind society especially in Hollywood, so we need to continue to reject deceptive rhetoric) and an omission of many keys facts about the struggles of black people in the acting occupation.
Jesee Lee Peterson is worse than Tommy Sotomayor, and many people put together. He thanked God for slavery. He compared the Maafa to a bumpy plane ride. He said that stuff about the First Lady that I can't repeat here and he relishes being called a traitor to his people. He's a total disgrace. I have heard of him since 2005 when on C-Span that he actually said straight up that black people must love white culture. So, this man has been brainwashed with not only self hatred, but he loves the system of white supremacy. His recent comments have shown lies. Many white Americans have killed black people, shown racial slurs, and brutalized black people even recently during this decade of the 21st century. Also, there is nothing wrong with ending racism and ending economic inequality completely. Peterson ignores that most crime in America is intraracial, black crimes rates are declining, and organizations today are fighting black on black crime all of the time. Peterson's other great lie is to classify black progressive people who want a real conversation on race and want to expose how centuries of white oppression has damaged the world order as equivalent to "black racism." Showing the truth is not racist. What is racist is about scapegoating all black people for the War on Drugs, police terrorism, and other evils. Jesse Lee Peterson is in no position to lecture anyone on race when he has slandered the experiences of our ancestors who were the victims of the Maafa and has disrespected black people. He should be ashamed of himself. Uhuru.
We, as black people, have been the masters of forgiveness. We forgive people all of the time. Yet, I will flip the script. Does mainstream society ask the Jewish people to forgive a Nazi war criminal? Does mainstream society ask the Japanese to forgive those who were involved in the Japanese internment during WWII? We know the answer to those questions. Jewish people always say Never Forget and Never Again. We should always adopt that same mentality and attitude. This double standard involving forgiveness is real. Therefore, forgiveness is very personal and it is up for the victim to decide whether to do it or not. Ultimately, it is Mo’ne Davis’ decision. It is her choice. This situation is never her fault. It is the fault of that male misogynist extremist. Forgiveness should never be utilized as a casus belli (or pretext) to cause that sick male (not man since he’s not a real man) to be reinstated. Also, forgiveness is not about the omission of evil, it is not about forgetting about the past, and it is not about ignoring the struggle either. We know what time it is (as we will always remember what our ancestors have gone through centuries ago. We will never forget every ounce of blood that they shed for us to live during this new generation) and we ought to act accordingly. The University should continue to prevent him from being reinstated. This is part of the accountability that reactionaries constantly lecture black people about. The bigger issue is that we have every right to stand up for the human dignity of black people. Mo’ne Davis is a talented person who was slandered by a sick piece of work. We should never tolerate sexist slurs displayed at all. No child should be disrespected like that at all. We have every right to stand up for our people.
This is totally revolting. It is blatantly wrong for a Chinese restaurant to discriminate against Kenyan residents in the Kenyan country. The Kenyan government ought to shut that restaurant down for its blatantly discriminatory policy. That evil policy is racial profiling and ignorant, because Kenyans are a strong people. It is hypocritical for the Chinese restaurant to scapegoat Kenyans for the actions of a few. That is why we fight for the right of Africans to control their own resources. Also, we are opposed to any policy which restricts legitimate human rights. There are many words that should be displayed about this issue (of one member of the SAE fraternity who said that he was sorry in a press conference in front of numerous black people). Many people here have shown the truth on this racist male. First, he refuses to explain where he learned the chant and how was it taught to him. That is interesting, because his bigotry was definitely not only shown by him, but by others in that fraternity. He could have easily gotten into more detail about where the evil chant originated from. His white privilege allowed him to speak in front of black clergymen and one State Senator (who are all black). Many of us have to stop being played and be real. The truth is that the actions of Pettit represent a carefully orchestrated photo op. Let’s call it as we see it. It has covered by the mainstream media news coverage and that event outlines the trappings of a smokescreen. Just because he said that he never thought of himself as a racist doesn’t mean that he is not a racist. He’s a racist and he was caught on tape. That is why he said that he was sorry. If no one knew about what those members of that frat did, then he wouldn't of said that he was sorry in public. Some whites exploit our huge propensity for forgiving people as a way for them to cover up the real issue (which is that there is a serious problem of racism, misogyny, abuse, and elitism found in many Greek organizations) and to save their reputations. The racist chant video certainly documents to us that we have a long way to go and we have to be even more proactive as a way for us to advance our human rights.
This is why austerity doesn't work. This news is exactly why I don't believe in massively cutting legitimate, vital resources in our communities. There must be a growth of hospital services, and other medical infrastructure as a way for human beings to help people suffering HIV/AIDS. The illnesses of HIV and AIDS has unfortunately killed a lot of Brothers and Sisters. When these illnesses effect one of us, they effect in turn all of us. Certainly, we ought to show love not bigotry towards those who have HIV/AIDS. People who experience HIV/AIDS need compassion, humane treatment, and resources. Anybody, who is sexually active, should get tested in my view. The stats are disturbing, but with work, we can change those stats (and save more lives). I'm glad that Dr. Abigail Hankin-Wei and so many other people including activists are doing their parts in helping others. We are called to help others. At the end of the day, we want lives to be saved and we desire the greatest resources possible to be given to those with HIV/AIDS. Human beings want justice and compassion and we promote these ideals unconditionally.
Also the organized violence of capitalism and institutional racism, the violence of imperialist wars in the Middle East should be called to a halt.
And hopefully white on white violence, white on black violence, white on Asian violence, white on Hispanic violence, and police violence against the citizenry. And--very important--the violence of the have nots against the haves. Very important since in his final days Dr. King was trying to organize a Poor Peoples Movement, a movement of working class people and their allies. Economic justice, and an ECONOMIC BILL OF RIGHTS.
Yes, that's interesting. It so happens that I've picked up a book by sociologist Phil Zuckerman who talks quite a bit about this. The book is called SOCIETY WITHOUT GOD. We discover that there are two nations---Sweden and Denmark--in which a MAJORITY of the population are atheists. And they have much LOWER crime rates than we do, are better educated, live in peaceful and democratic communities, and possess a high level of moral and social consciousness. The religious minority are also very tolerant and civil in their relations with each other, but would probably be seen as backsliders or Christian "libtards " by our Christian Right. No matter what Samoan and other religious reactionaries might say, no matter how much the Christian Right (Protestant or Catholic) might believe that "a society without God would be hell on earth: rampant with immorality, full of evil, and teeming with depravity", this isn't what you find in Denmark and Sweden. Instead you find societies that are "remarkably strong, safe, healthy, moral and prosperous... " (Zuckerman, SOCIETY WITHOUT GOD, p. 4). Another interesting observation by Zuckerman: "The first thing I noticed upon our arrival in Scandinavia was this: NO COPS". Even in larger towns cops seem quite scarce in Scandinavia. You have cops in small American towns than in large Scandinavia cities. Can you imagine that? Scandinavians do not prey on each other and are not afraid of each other. Imagine something like that in religiously saturated America. So called "freedom loving" Christian American would freak out absent the authority of armed cops, armed enforcers of the interest of the 1%.
Now as far as French racism is concerned, the ethnic difference between Arabs and Berbers is probably ignored. They're all Arabs and they're all a degraded race. According to Alice Cherki in FRANTZ FANON: A PORTRAIT, that is precisely how French colonizers in Algeria regarded the "native population." Sometimes the natives were classified as Muslims, but "Muslim" meant Arab, and there was no distinction among "natives " who were Arabs and those who were Berbers. Interestingly enough, "Muslim" began to take on racial meaning. Now this really gets whacked. For obviously there are SECULAR Algerians (whether Arab or Berber), and even a few Christians. But in the colonizing narrative of the French, "native" meant "Arab" (regardless of whether you Arab or Berber, or even part Arab and part Berber). And Muslim became a term for "natives " regardless of whether they still believed in the religion of Islam or not. Religious and racial identity became conflated in the colonizing imagination of the French. Perhaps the nearest I can think of a parallel in American terms, would be anti-Indian racism of whites like Andrew Jackson who referred even to the Christianized "civilized tribes" of Cherokee as "heathen savages.
Coretta: Since you've read Cleaver's SOUL ON ICE, you may as well check out some other stuff by people from the Black Panther era. Perhaps, George Jackson's SOLEDAD BROTHER and ANGELA DAVIS: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY.
It looks like it's a mispronunciation of a French word which itself was a mispronunciation of the Spanish. Webster indicates that the English version of the N-word became current between 1640--1650. By the way, the French word "negre" can mean the same as either the less disreputable English "Negro" or the disreputable N-word with an "I". In Spanish, Negro (with a different pronunciation than English) simply means black. I'm not sure, simply do not know enough about Spanish, to know if "Negro" in Spanish is like the French "negre" used to mean both Negro and "ni***r. " In French, only the context tells you which meaning "negre" has . An observation: While in the Dominican Republic, home of my ex, I noticed they were showing on TV the series known in America as "Roots"- --about the family of Alex Haley. The AMerican TV series was translated into Spanish, and it carried a new title: "Los pobres Negros." Which as best I can tell means "The poor Negroes." I gather from the context at least that the demeaning implications of "ni***r" was not the intent.