Wednesday, July 27, 2016
We live in a new era. Hillary Clinton yesterday was officially nominated by the Democratic National Convention as the party’s Presidential candidate in the November election. Hillary Clinton is the first woman to be nominated by a major party in American history. Bernie Sanders has supported Hillary Clinton. Many pro-Bernie delegates were removed like Nina Turner. The supporters of Hillary believe that she will execute progress. The convention has been a mixture of music, speeches, and words dealing with politics. We know about the DNC emails proving the antidemocratic manipulation of the primary process by the Clinton campaign and the illicit diversion of millions of dollars in campaign donations from the state parties to the Clinton campaign. Many speakers spoke the truth about wanting rights for African Americans, women, the disabled, etc. While, other speakers ignored the Wall Street, Pentagon, and CIA links to Hillary Clinton. Hillary Clinton has explicitly went along with the disastrous policies in Iraq, Libya, and Syria. There was the historic display of the Mothers of the Movement. They were the 9 mothers of black men, black boys, and black girls who were killed by the police and others. Their names are Sybrina Fulton, the mother of Trayvon Martin; Geneva Reed-Veal, the mother of Sandra Bland; Lucy McBath, the mother of Jordan Davis; Gwen Carr, the mother of Eric Garner; Cleopatra Pendleton, the mother of Hadiya; Maria Hamilton, the mother of Dontre; Lezley McSpadden, the mother of Michael Brown; and Wanda Johnson, the mother of Oscar Grant. They have courageously spoken about their stories and their loss. They desire criminal justice reform, sensible gun control measures, and racial justice. The crowd saying Black Lives Matter is important. They supported Hillary Clinton, which is their right. These women have shown great compassion and their voices should be shown. Samaria Rice has also been courageous to promote political independence and speaking out against the current administration not going far enough in combatting police terrorism in our community. I can’t support Hillary or Trump because of obvious reasons. We want corporate oligarchs to not control our lives. We want us or the people to control our own lives. Bless the Mothers of the movement and Samaria Rice.
Throughout her life and today, First Lady Michelle Obama exemplifies class, eloquence, courage, and love. Her love for her precious black daughters and for the rest of her family is amazing. Her words in the convention were moving. She described how our ancestors build up the White House when they were oppressed by the cruel injustice of slavery. She spoke about the evil of bullying and when evil folks go low, we should go high. Michelle Obama spoke clearly and affirmatively that we should never scapegoat an entire creed or an entire ethnic group for the complex problems or complications that we face as Americans. She gave the greatest speech among both conventions.
Her beautiful, lovely words were not only passionately and emotional, but her words dealt with promoting the Dream that our ancestors fought for and we believe in our 21st century generation. When bigots tried to harm us via slavery and Jim Crow, we stood up and defeated them. Yes, we defeated Bull Connor and Jim Clark. We defeated Jefferson Davis and others. When people said that we can't, we proclaim that we can. In the midst of our journey in America among centuries, we have become teachers, lawyers, athletes, social activists, and many other great contributors to society. We know that we have a long way to go, but we will keep on walking, keep on standing, keeping on building , and keeping on proclaiming that the principle of equality and justice are more than just words. They represent our way of life, our way of thinking, and our hope for the glorious society that we desire as one people on this Earth. We know that she is the greatest First Lady in America history.
We won't stop because we can't stop. Black Lives Matter.
The Industrial Period from 1874 to 1929 saw Dallas grow from a center of farming and ranching into a major self-sustaining industrial city. The industrial growth in Dallas was formed in part out of problems hurting Dallas area farmers. After buying supplies on credit during the year, farmers owed merchants the majority of their crop. Costs to ship to the coast were very high, and the price of cotton was dropping. By 1880, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad under the leadership of Jay Gould reached Dallas. In 1885, the Main Street was lit with electricity. In 1888, the Dallas Zoo opened making it the first zoological garden in the state. In 1890, Dallas annexed the city of East Dallas, which was larger geographically than Dallas. The annexation made Dallas the most populous city in Texas during that time period. After the national financial panic in 1893, numerous industries and five Dallas banks failed. Cotton prices dipped below five cents a pound and the lumber and flour markets had all but vanished, so many people began leaving the city. By 1898, the city began to recover and grow again. In 1894, Parkland Memorial Hospital opened just west of Oak Lawn. In 1903, Oak Cliff, a city across the Trinity River, was annexed. By the turn of the 20th century, Dallas was the leading drug, book, jewelry, and wholesale liquor market in the Southwestern United States. It also quickly became the center of trade in cotton, grain, and even buffalo. It was the world's leading inland cotton market, and it still led the world in manufacture of saddlery and cotton gin machinery. During the early 20th century, Dallas transformed from an agricultural center to a center of banking, insurance, fashion retailing and other businesses. Founded here were Marcus and the now-defunct A. Harris and Brothers ready-to-wear stores. The 14-story Praetorian Building was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi River and the tallest building in Texas during that time. Texan blacks, Mexican Americans and poor whites were excluded from much of the progress by being disfranchised when the state legislature imposed a poll tax in 1902. In addition, it had earlier established Jim Crow laws, making racial segregation legal and continuing to impose the system of racism/white supremacy. The Trinity River flooded in 1908. It was 52.6 feet high. 5 people died and 4,000 people were left homeless. Property damages were estimated at $2.5 million. After the flood, the city wanted to take action to control the Trinity and build a bridge linking Oak Cliff and Dallas. By 1911, George Kessler or a city planner created a plan for both the Trinity and the city. His plans were initially ignored but ultimately brought back, updated, in the 1920's. By the 1930's, many of his plans had been realized. The expansion of industrial jobs attracted migrants from across the region, as well as weaves of immigrants, first from southern and eastern Europe. Many neighborhoods of Dallas have demonstrated the process of ethnic succession, whereby immigrants or migrants move into lower cost housing until they can get established. One group moves out to newer housing and another new group fills the area. For instance, Polish Jewish immigrants settled together beginning in the late 19th century. As they got established, they gradually moved to newer housing.
The area bordered by Maple Avenue, McKinney Avenue and the MKT (Missouri, Kansas, Texas) Railroad became known as Little Mexico following 1910, when it was settled by a wave of Mexican immigrants, who left the disruption following the defeat of President Porfirio Diaz and his government, and the start of the Mexican Revolution (1910–1920). Mexicans from all walks of life came to the Dallas area to take jobs in factories, agriculture and the railroads. In 1911, Dallas was chosen as the location of the eleventh regional branch of the Reserve Bank. That year millionaire Dr. William Worthington Samuel, purchased the first ambulance for the city of Dallas, and later donated thousands of dollars to expand Parkland Hospital. The growth of aviation generated new development in the city in World War I. Love Field was established as an aviation training ground. Fair Park was the home of Camp Dick, a training facility as well. The city purchased Love Field in 1927 to use as a municipal airport. In 1915, Southern Methodist University opened. The Great Depression affected many Americans. Business in construction flourished in Dallas in 1930. In that year, Columbus Marion Joiner struck oil 100 miles east of Dallas in Kilgore. This caused the East Texas oil boom. Dallas quickly became the financial center for the oil industry in Texas and Oklahoma. Banks made loans to develop the oil fields and Dallas became the financial center for all oil fields in the Texas Panhandle, the Permian Basin, East Texas, Gulf Coast, and Oklahoma. By 1931, there were falling prices and overproduction, which affected the city economy’s negatively. By then, more than 18,000 people in the city were unemployed. Before the New Deal policy started, the city had a work for food program that helped many human beings. After a long campaign in the years leading up to 1936, the state of Texas chose Dallas as the state of the 1936 Texas Centennial Exposition. More than 50 buildings were built for the Exposition in Fair Park and 10 million visitors came to see the US$25 million spectacle (or $426 million in today’s terms).
Marian Anderson was a heroic black woman. She was born in Philadelphia as it is very important to recognize the heroes of the great city of Philadelphia. Throughout her life, she expressed music to the world not only as a means to give joy for humanity. She wanted her voice to inspire change whereby justice is made into a reality. She was involved in the civil rights movement and she has inspired tons of women globally. She was powerful, courageous, beautiful, and she was filled with grace. Her grace and her dynamic oratory moved people. We all honor her a great deal. She is a black woman who is one of the greatest human rights advocates in American and world history. Not too many people know her, but we know about her here. Her name is Erna Harris. She was born in 1908. She was a freedom fighter, a journalist, a scholar, and a social activist. During World War II, she publicly opposed the evil Japanese internment camps and she wanting Jewish refugees to come into America, so that they can escape Nazi murder. She supported civil rights for African Americans and she opposed nuclear bombs. There is a strong history of our Brothers and our Sisters opposing nuclear technological development. She supported environmental causes, women's rights, and she opposed the evil system of apartheid in South Africa. Of course, she opposed the unjust Vietnam War too. Her breadth of knowledge was incredible. She knew about Middle Eastern affairs, sports, history, anthropology, and economic issues. In recognition of her lifetime of human rights work, the Graduate Theological Union's Urban Black Studies Department (Berkeley) awarded Harris an honorary Doctor of Human Letters in 1978. Erna Prather Harris passed away on March 9, 1995.Now, we know many parts of her story. Her memory will never be forgotten. RIP Sister Erna Harris. One of the subjects that I do like to study is about the African Diaspora. Virginia Brindis de Salas was a great woman of the African Diaspora. She is a famous Afro-Uruguayan writer how wrote about issues relevant to the black community in Uruguay. She lived from 1908 to 1958. Brindis de Salas was an active contributor to the black artistic journal Nuestra Raza. Her writings made her, along with Pilar Barrios, one of the few published Uruguayan women poets. Throughout her life, she promoted justice, dignity, and equality. This fight for justice and liberation aren't just legitimate goals that we desire in America alone (where I was born in). This is an international fight as well. Coretta Scott King knew it. Ella Baker knew it. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. knew it and Malcolm X knew it too. That is why the creed that we follow is to help the sick, the poor, the elderly, and our neighbors.
RIP Sister Virginia Brindis de Salas.